In 2005 the complex is nominated to be included in the List of the worlds cultural and natural heritage of UNESCO.
extremely important resource for our city is the high number of population
in an active age, 65.5% from the total population, as well as the high
educational level of the citizens. Almost two thirds (62.38%) from the
citizens are enjoying high education (university, two-year college, high
school degrees). Therefore, we should underline the fact that 14.64% from
the population of the city possesses a university degree. The main pre-conditions
for the high educational level of the citizens are the seven universities,
which determine Plovdiv as a university, technology and innovation center
of the South-central region of Bulgaria.
The variety of ethnic groups in the population is pinpointing the good integration policy of the Municipality. The main ethnic group is the Bulgarian one with 89.5%, followed by the Turkish with 6.7%, the Roma with 1.5%, and others with 1.7%. The different ethnic groups in the city of Plovdiv are playing a crucial role for the cosmopolitan outlook of the city.
The qualitative human resource in collaboration with the high educational level of the population is a good pre-condition for the positive investment climate in the city of Plovdiv.
The Municipality of Plovdiv has an outmost importance for the development of the Bulgarian economy. The changes in the economy in Plovdiv throughout the last ten years (Transition from market planned economy to free market economy) led to alterations in the structure, the approaches, and the means that define the activities of the industry and services. After the transition crisis in the nineties the Municipality succeeded to start a process of restructuring of its economy and nowadays it is one of the fastest growing municipalities in the country.
year 2001, the GDP of the economy of Plovdiv has a higher annual growth
rate than the average for the country. According to the last statistical
data in the end of 2003 the GDP of the Plovdiv economy has a growth rate
of 8.59% in comparison to 2002. The GDP for the year 2002 is 2698.9 million
leva. The private sector share in the gross production of the Municipality
of Plovdiv is 83%. The presence and constant growth of the number and
importance of the private companies, the results from which are showing
a constant and sustainable tendency for widening and increasing their
economic activities, foster the increase of the net amount of incomes
from sales. According to the last statistical data the GDP per capita
in Plovdiv is 165% higher than the average for the country. The economy
of the Municipality of Plovdiv provides for 6% from the national industrial
production, 8% from the profits from trade and services and 8% from the
exports of the country.
industrial zones and the production infrastructure situated in the favorable
for that geographic directions of the city are accounting for the industry
to be one of the leading sectors of the Plovdiv economy. The enterprises
situated on the territory of the Municipality, are responsible for 68%
of the GDP in the region.
• Machine engineering
The investment activity is dominating in the industrial center. In the year 2002 the amount of expenditures for acquiring long-term assets reached 566.7 million leva (approximately 284 million euro), which is almost 62% over the level depicted in 1999. From the whole amount of the investments, 60% are concentrated in the industry, electricity and construction. In 2002 most of the investments are concentrated in the production of wood products, paper, food products, textiles, textile products, and clothes. In the technological structure of the investments are dominating the expenditures for machines and facilities- 65.6%, which is due to the presence of sustainable companies on the market and their intentions for technological renovation and optimization of the production process.
Many of the strongest construction companies in Bulgaria are situated in Plovdiv. Construction as a sector of the economy is having a second place according to the number of people hired in the field. In 509 companies are working 5586 people. The biggest company is “Stroitelstwo I wyzstanoviavane”. There are 851 people working in it. Some of the other bigger companies are “Vodstroj”, “Trakia- RM”, “Stroitelna Mehanizacia”, “Zavodski Stroezi”, “Sienit”, “Stoyanstroi” and others. It should be underlined that the private construction companies are famous in the country and abroad for the high quality of their work, as well as the precise execution of their contacts. Throughout the last years our construction companies have gained experience in the execution of wide-scale projects.
Except from the well-developed industry, Plovdiv also has sustainable services sector, which accounts for 52% from the total income of the Municipality. The percent ratio between the secondary and the third sector of the economy in Plovdiv is classifying the city as one of the sustainable cities in Europe. The services in the city of Plovdiv are represented in all of their fields. The highest share in the income from sales has the trade of household products, followed by:
For the last 5 years the hotel in the city have grown about 277 % and the beds with 66,4 %.
Due to the sustainable companies found on the territory of Plovdiv, the city is playing a crucial role in the exports of the country. The city of Plovdiv provides for 8% from all the exports of Bulgaria. According to the last statistical data the export rate enjoys a 5% increase for the year 2003. The highest share in the exports has the metallurgy, followed by:
Production of chemicals, chemical products, synthetic fibers,
Instruments attracting foreign investments
Except for the positive business climate, the well-situated transport net and the high education level of the population, Plovdiv also depends on the following institutions in order to attract foreign investment. The unique natural and economic advantages have defined Plovdiv as a trade center. The biggest trade fair in the country, with international importance, is the Plovdiv international fair. The fair in Plovdiv is the biggest one in South-East Europe. The international fair “Plovdiv” is the exhibition center of Bulgaria, with the support of which the Bulgarian producers are entering the international markets. Also, the fair’s activities are a good indicator for the economy of the country. It provides the most modern conditions for work and has facilities that are famous in the whole of Europe. The international fair in Plovdiv is a modern exhibition center, situated on the area of 360 000 sq.m. The total exhibition area is 95 000 sq.m. The Plovdiv fair has 24 multi-functional pavilions, providing opportunities for the exposition of all kinds of products. The positive tendencies in the economic development of the country, the favorable investment climate and the fast pace at which the country is being attracted to the European economic and political community gave a new impulse for the development of the exhibitions. The qualitative data is clearly depicting this tendency. Throughout the year 2004, forty exhibitions were conducted with the participation of 7378 exhibitors from 63 countries. Until this moment the number of the visitors amounts to 600 000 people. The foreign participation is about 46% from the total number of exhibitors and 25% from the exhibition area.
One of the important structures facilitating the international business in the city is the Duty free zone- Plovdiv, which is one of the institutions providing for the modern outlook of the city. It is established in 1987 and provides conditions for mounting or production processes, both by foreign or mixed companies, distribution and re-export, storage and processing of products.
There is also a customhouse working in the Municipality of Plovdiv. It is specialized in processing mainly heavy trucks and wagons.
In 1990 in the city was re-established the Plovdiv Chamber of Commerce. Throughout the last years it has developed even further its international activities, establishing contacts with similar Chambers from Great Britain, USA, Greece, Turkey, Israel, France, Germany, and Italy. In the city are also functioning a Chamber of Economy, Transport Chamber, Stock Exchange market and others.
On the territory of the city of Plovdiv are concentrated a lot of financial and intermediary institutions. Here are represented many of the Bulgarian and foreign banking institutions, insurance companies, financial institutions, foreign exchange offices. According to the last data in the end of the year 2003 in Plovdiv are registered 203 companies working as financial intermediaries.
Opportunities for international investments in the Municipality of Plovdiv
Due to the established partnership climate between the local authorities, the private sector and the structures of the civil society, Plovdiv is determined to achieve even higher economic rates, as well as better standard of living for its citizens.
Major Foreign investors in Plovdiv and the region
International and European
|1,Stefan Stambolov Sqr.|
|4000 Plovdiv / BULGARIA|
|Mr. Gocho Gochev|
|phone: +359 32 656 433; 656 434; 656 427|
|fax.: +359 32 656 439|